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Title: Hydrides At High Pressures; An Evaluation Of "Chemical Precompression" On The Way To Metallic Hydrogen
Authors: Gonzalez, Morelos
Issue Date: 20-Oct-2010
Abstract: In this dissertation, we present a theoretical study of compounds rich in hydrogen, focusing on their crystal structure and potential metallization as pressure is applied. Chapter 1 is an introduction to metallic hydrogen; it reviews previous studies and suggests a new way of analyzing the geometric changes that ensue as pressure is applied. Chapter 2 describes the search for structures for SnH4 , using chemical intuition and random search algorithms. Chapter 3 deals with the general problem of segregation which arises as SnH4 , a thermodynamically metastable (positive heat of formation from Sn and 2H2 ) but kinetically persistent compound, is compressed. Chapter 3 is a complement to Chapter 2, as layered structures arise naturally in the low pressure regime, prompting us to explore the subject. Chapter 4 begins an ambitious project which strives to understand the electronic structure and properties of metallic hydrides of the form MH x , where M= Si, Sn and W, and x = 4, 6, 8, 10, 12. For n [GREATER THAN] 4, there exist van der Waals complexes at lower pressures, but show great variation in structure as they metallize at higher pressures. Chapter 5 explores the effect of impurities in the DOS, as swapping of atoms in structures of stoichiometry Liy[-]1 Bey H. The parent LiBe phase is stable at high pressures; here we attempt to lower the pressure for its metallization by H substitution
No Access Until: 2015-10-20
Appears in Collections:Cornell Theses and Dissertations

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