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Hydrologic Discovery Through Physical Analysis Honoring the Scientific Legacies of Wilfried H. Brutsaert and Jean-Yves Parlange >
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Title: G2. Snippets from Infiltration: Where Approximate Becomes Exact
Authors: Broadbridge, Philip
Keywords: Unsaturated flow
infiltration coefficients
time to ponding
ponded sorptivity
Issue Date: May-2012
Publisher: Internet-First University Press
Abstract: The Darcy-Buckingham macroscopic approach to soil-water modelling, leading to a nonlinear Richards’ diffusion-convection equation, has been very useful for many decades. Some sharp results of the 1970s by W. Brutsaert and J.-Y. Parlange have been an influence on many, including myself. Since the 1980s, several groups have used an integrable one-dimensional version of Richards’ equation, with realistic nonlinear transport coefficients, to predict experimentally verifiable quantities. Neat expressions have been derived for time to incipient ponding, for the dependence of sorptivity on pond depth and for the second and higher infiltration coefficients. These exact results are at odds with those of the traditional Green-Ampt model. In the limit of delta-function diffusivity, the water content profile approaches a step function, so the water content is everywhere close to either the boundary value or the initial value. As explained by Barry et al (1995), far from there being a unique “Green-Ampt limit”, practical predictions in the limit of a delta function diffusivity depend subtly on the relationship between diffusivity and conductivity at intermediate values of water content. In fact, the traditional Green-Ampt predictions, with a constant potential at the wet front, may be recovered from a linear, rather than step-function behaviour of conductivity vs water content. A number of practical predictions of the integrable model agree exactly with those of the approximate analytic method originated earlier by Parlange, involving approximations within an integrand after expressing the water conservation equation in integral form. The exactly solvable model refutes the traditional Green-Ampt model and validates the quasi-analytic integral formulation.
Description: Once downloaded, these high definition QuickTime videos may be played using a computer video player with H.264 codec, 1280x720 pixels, millions of colors, AAC audio at 44100Hz and 29.97 frames per second. The data rate is 5Mbps. File sizes are on the order of 600-900 MB. (Other formats may be added later.) Free QuickTime players for Macintosh and Window computers may be located using a Google search on QuickTime. The DVD was produced by J. Robert Cooke.
Appears in Collections:Hydrologic Discovery - Oral Presentations (Videos)

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streaming_29570.htmlView Streaming Video8.21 kBHTMLView/Open
G2_Broadbridge_SLIDES.pdfPDF of slides used in the lecture2.05 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
G2_Broadbridge_Infiltration_SD for_Apple_Devices.m4vDownload small version of Video185.32 MBM4v VideoView/Open
G2_Broadbridge_Infiltration-HD_for_Apple_Devices_5Mbps.m4v Download HD Video for Apple Devices562.73 MBM4v VideoView/Open

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